In this Persian/ Farsi lesson, Leyla and her husband Chris go over different vocabulary associated with the topic of transportation, which we are referring to as 'coming and going'- raft ō āmad. We discuss different modes of transportation including:
- Bicycle - docharkhé
- Car - māsheen
- Bus - otoboos
- Taxi - tāxee
- Metro - metrõ
- Airplane - havāpaymā
- Motorcycle - motorcyclet
We also go over the vocabulary for walking and getting around in general. This lesson is part of our Persian/ Farsi vocabulary sprint series, so we focus on transportation as a theme and learn as many words around the topic as we can.
how are you?
Note: In Persian, as in many other languages, there is a formal and an informal way of speaking. We will be covering this in more detail in later lessons. For now, however, chetor-ee is the informal way of asking someone how they are, so it should only be used with people that you are familiar with. hālé shomā chetor-é is the formal expression for ‘how are you.’
Spelling note: In written Persian, words are not capitalized. For this reason, we do not capitalize Persian words written in phonetic English in the guides.
Pronunciation tip: kh is one of two unique sounds in the Persian language that is not used in the English language. It should be repeated daily until mastered, as it is essential to successfully speak Persian. Listen to the podcast for more information on how to make the sound.
|chetor-ee||how are you?|
|khayli khoobam||I’m very well|
|khoob neestam||I’m not well|
|bad neestam||I’m not bad|
|chetor-een?||how are you? (formal)|
|hālé shomā chetor-é?||how are you? (formal)|
|hālet chetor-é?||how are you? (informal)|
|khoob-ee?||are you well? (informal)|
|chetor peesh meeré?||how’s it going?|
|ché khabar?||what’s the news? (what’s up?)|
Leyla: Learn Persian with trying conversation lesson 81
Hello and welcome to lesson 81 of Learn Persian with Chai and Conversation. So 81 is part of our unit of vocabulary sprints and I'm joined here by my husband Chris- Salam Chris.
Chris: Salam- Hello to all the Chai and conversation listeners out there.
Leyla: And so far in our vocabulary Sprint's we've gone over colors we've gotten over animals we've gotten over the time and date and we had a special lesson on nowruz and now we're going to cover one of my favorite topics and that is words that have to do with transportation.
Chris: Transportation is super important. We live in Austin, Texas, and we are struggling as a city with our transportation
Leyla: for sure. And and we have some strong opinions.
And and you know, when you're when you're learning a language or when kids are learning a language a lot of times, they're super excited about learning words about moving machines like automobiles and buses and train. So it's a good topic to cover, but it's also something that we all deal with every single day.
Chris: It's true. And to our listeners out there, who are in big Metroplexes and have subways and great public transportation, you're lucky and that's wonderful to our listeners out there who live in the suburbs or in the country where the idea of taking a subway somewhere would be ridiculous. That's another you know, you guys are struggling with your own forms of transportation.
Leyla: Yes. So without further ado, let's start learning where it's for transportation. So first, how do you see transportation in Persian one way to save Is vaseeleyeh naghleeyeh. So vaseeleh is the word for equipment or vaseeleh
Leyla: Yeah, you can think of it as vessel, so a vessel or equipment or you know mode, that vaseeleyeh
Leyla: and then naghleeyeh, which is transportation. So methods of transportation is basically what you're saying with that, and it's not a term that we use very often so we just wanted to go over very quickly, but so
Chris: so let's try that second word again though because that was a difficult one. Okay,
naghleeyeh. let's not get too stuck on it. A very easy word for saying transportation or how to get somewhere is it raft o amad, very easy. So raft going raft, amad coming. Because in this conversation, I also didn't want to just limit ourselves to vehicles. I wanted to talk about what methods we have to get somewhere. So this is a more appropriate word than the first one we learned in and a lot easier to say. So it works out.
Chris: So again like circulation
Leyla: circulation. Exactly, raft o amad
Chris: raft o amad
Leyla: Exactly. So I wanted to start off with my very biased opinion of my favorite mode of transportation, which is charkh savari,
Chris: charkh savari, and charkh
Leyla: is the word for wheel.
Leyla: Charkh. It's a difficult one.
And then savari
Leyla: is, is riding so riding a wheel.
Chris: You're a unicyclist? That's right. I forgot that. That's what you do. That's
Leyla: our word for bike riding. So that's the verb to ride a bike is charkh savari
in the word for bicycle is docharkheh
Leyla: Yeah, you can see it's slowly like that if you want docharkheh
Leyla: Yes. That's it. charkh. Okay, so two wheels do.
Chris: I was gonna say yeah, docharkheh. Yep. It's we'll
Leyla: just like our word bicycle. two wheels. docharkheh.
Leyla: Yeah. And we also have a secharkheh, which is a tricycle, say cha. But we don't ride this around to get somewhere. But docharkheh is, is is a very awesome motor transportation. Chris and I both both do that a lot. We're both
Chris: avid bicyclists, but we're not trying to throw any shade on any try cyclists out there if you're riding a bicycle to work or to the playground, you know?
Right on Yeah.
Leyla: Yes. So we have the whole family biking as often as possible. So that's our we I wanted to Start there I know that often we start learning these types of vocabulary things with how to say car, but we're not gonna do that. So docharkheh is one way of getting around. Secharkheh is and it could be another way of getting around how about just to get back to the unicycle? How would you say unicycle? It would be tak charkh
Leyla: Say that three times fast.
Okay, so now let's go on to how you say car. So the word for car is masheen
Leyla: so there's a few different words for car Let's learn all of them. Masheen isn't the most common masheen
there's also automobile,
Leyla: Those both words are foreign words, obviously machine sounds like machine and automobile. So then Iranians came up with their own word, and it's the least used and it's khod ro
Chris: Khod ro.
Leyla: So that's a word that you will hear, but it's not really commonly used and that means it goes by itself khod ro.
Khod ro. It's like an automatic goer,
Chris: by itself.
Leyla: Yes, you don't have to work for it like you do for a bicycle, which is what I don't like.
So then to say riding a car, you say, masheen savaree
Chris: masheen savari,
Leyla: and that means riding a car. So there was charkh savaree
Chris: charkh savaree.
Leyla: And then there's masheen savari
Chris: machine savaree
Leyla: So both so there's you can ride a bike, you can ride a car. You can also say ranandegee kardan.
Chris: ranandegee kardan.
Leyla: And that means driving to drive.
ranandegee kardan, Yeah, so it's like car riding. bike riding? driving.
Chris: Okay, driving is different than riding.
Leyla: Yes, exactly.
Chris: So if you're in a automobile Yeah. And you're just riding it your savaree Yeah, you could also Yeah, if you're in the in the driver's seat then maybe you are kardan.
Leyla: ranandegee kardan
Chris: so what is kardan?
Leyla: To do so most of the verbs in Persian language are compound verbs so to do driving so then moving on with raft o amad coming and going, you can also go by foot, which is piadeh ravi
Chris: piadeh Ravi,
Leyla: and that is the verb to walk like walking. And so pied. piadeh means by foot pod. And so what root is that? pied? that's a that's a by foot
Chris: yeah, pedestrian pedestrian, or, what's a foot doctor called?
Leyla: pedontist? pedontist. That's right, exactly pied. Piadeh ravi. These are the words that
Chris: piadeh ravi and Ravi is to do well are
Leyla: going it's piadeh ravi. Oh
Chris: like raft o mad?
Leyla: Yeah, yes yes yes another word for walking is rah raftan
Chris: rah raftan
Leyla: rah is means the way raftan and means to go sit to go the way and that's how you say to walk rah raftan
Chris: rah raftan
Leyla: and if you're just walking somewhere like you're going on like a walk it's called rah paymayee
Chris: rah paymayee
Leyla: Yep. And so paymayee like a trek a hike a traveling. So then another word that comes from that is hava payma.
Chris: hava payma
Leyla: and you know that one because our son rooz says it all the time he points up in the sky which is how he says hava payma. So what is that?
Chris: It's an airplane.
Leyla: That's right. So there's rah paymayee which is walking. Rah which means
Chris: rah paymayee which is I will walk through The way
pay my which is I will walk through The way
and hava payma
Chris: is I will fly the way
Leyla: exactly it will go through the air such an epic
Chris: poetic language. Yeah,
Leyla: it really is.
Chris: Just to walk somewhere you say, I will walk the path exactly, it really goes away.
Leyla: Well, it's interesting because a lot of these words are are like that you just say them all the time you don't think about them. But then once you start actually thinking about the root of the word or, or you just realize they're all such poetic words. There's, there's an interesting, it's a it's a lot of combining different ones. And I think that happens in English a lot to where you suddenly think of a word and you're like, Oh my gosh, I never thought of that.
Chris: Yeah, like marshmallow.
Leyla: Before you think about it too much. Let's learn a couple more words. And so to say that you're flying you say parvaz we can't fly because we don't have wings but we can fly in an airplane so you could say I'm flying somewhere - parvaz
Leyla: Flying. You can take a heleecoopter
Chris: Hold on. What does that mean? helicopter?
Leyla: Yeah, you gotta pronounce it correctly. Obviously. helicopter. Oh, there's also this one- teran. What do you think that is?
Leyla: teran is the word that comes from a foreign word. So the Iranian word for train is ghatar
Leyla: Yeah, so it has the gh on that Chris has a little bit trouble with. Ghatar one word for train. But you can also say teran
Leyla: which a lot of a lot of technology words. Yeah, a lot of these technology words things that have been produced in other countries and come to Iran, we use a foreign word for it.
Chris: So like a Starbucks
Leyla: Starbucks. We don't have a Starbucks in Iran. And you know what the French word for train is teran. That's where we get it from. There's also another French word otoboos -their word for buses, obviously. And then taksee
Leyla: taksee. So for those of you who are trying to learn a lot of vocabulary in this vocabulary sprint, you have a few bonus. Easy words to That's
Chris: right. Just say the word you already know, funny. And they'll probably get what you're trying to say. Except for bicycles because you have to say some really weird stuff. That
Leyla: is true. Moving on to the water to say boat is ghayesgh. Yeah, and another difficult one. Ghayegh.
Leyla: You could also just say ship.
Leyla: Keshtee and that one's very easy to say, keshtee
Leyla: And to say riding a boat, you say? Ghayegh savaree
Chris: Ghayegh Savaree.
Leyla: Ghayegh savaree.
Chris: Ghayegh Savaree
Leyla: Yep. So there's ghayegh savaree. There's masheen savari
Chris: Machine savari.
Leyla: Great, perfect. Good. And then peeyadeh ravi
Chris: piadeh ravi
Leyla: And that is walking. One more mode of transportation that I wanted to talk about is the underground which we have a very amazing underground system the best I've ever seen in the world. I haven't been to Japan. I've heard that one's really good. But of Paris, New York everywhere. Tehran has the best underground called the metro.
Chris: The Metro.
Leyla: Yeah, very clean, easy. We actually have air conditioners down there, they have TVs in there, amazing Metro
Leyla: And so I wanted to do one other thing and that is talking about
Chris: the space travel
Leyla: That's a good one too.
Chris: Let's talk about space travel.
Leyla: We're gonna leave space travel because it doesn't have much to do with transportation yet but I wanted to talk about the roads that we take
Chris: or if Elon Musk is listening. You just lost a subscriber
said the sidewalk is called peeyadeh ro,
Chris: Peeyadeh ro
Leyla: Okay, so that's where you walk by foot.
Leyla: yeah, peeyadeh ro. There's the kheeyaboom
Leyla: And that means Street. Kheeyaboon
Leyla: And there's also a station and that is called Eestgah
Leyla: yep. And eestgah is a station, that's where your buses are, your trains are etc. And that, my friends is a lot of different words that we are learning for transportation. That's going to conclude our our vocabulary words.
Chris: Okay, and until we get the rocket ships and the self driving cars and all that.
Leyla: That's right. Well, okay. Okay, let's just do your rocket ship just just as satisfied. Okay,
Chris: bonus round.
Leyla: Yes. Is mooshak
Chris: mooshak, I can't believe we left off that word, That's the best word- mooshak.
Leyla: actually, we just got our first woman that's going to be on the moon is gonna be an Iranian American woman. So it's a good she's gonna go up in a mooshak.
Chris: Mooshak. I love it.
Leyla: We'll keep you guys updated on that.
Chris: And if you're riding in a mooshak, is that mooshak savaree?
Leyla: Very good. Chris is very good at applying words that we've learned in new ways.
Chris: And if you're riding in a mooshak is that mooshak kardan?
Leyla: no, that's wrong. Oh, I don't know what it would be. We have to we have to look into it. And we're gonna add that to our bonus
Leyla: Our website for this lesson that we're going to wrap it up and thank you, so much for listening and we'll see you next time. Khodahafez from Leyla
Chris: Khoda hafez from Chris. Hope you enjoyed this. lightning round of transportation